Kenya has a tropical climate, with regional variations influenced by factors such as altitude, distance from the coast, and topography. Generally, the climate in Kenya is characterized by two rainy seasons and two dry seasons each year.

The long rains occur from March to May, while the short rains occur from October to December. The dry seasons are from June to September and from January to February. Coastal areas are typically hot and humid, with temperatures ranging from 22°C to 34°C (72°F to 93°F), while inland areas are cooler and drier, with temperatures ranging from 10°C to 28°C (50°F to 82°F).

Altitude also plays a significant role in temperature variation, with higher altitudes experiencing cooler temperatures. Nairobi, Kenya’s capital city, sits at an altitude of around 1,600 meters (5,250 feet) and has a relatively mild climate, with temperatures ranging from 10°C to 25°C (50°F to 77°F) throughout the year.

Kenya’s climate can also be influenced by periodic climate events such as the El Niño and La Niña phenomena, which can cause above-normal rainfall or drought conditions in the country. Climate change is also expected to have significant impacts on Kenya’s climate, with projected changes including increased temperatures, changes in rainfall patterns, and more frequent extreme weather events.

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