Buffalo are another iconic species of wildlife in Kenya. The African buffalo, also known as the Cape buffalo, is one of the most abundant and widespread large herbivores in Kenya, and can be found in most of the country’s national parks and game reserves.

Buffalo are important for maintaining the ecological balance of Kenya’s grasslands, as they play a key role in grazing, trampling, and seed dispersal. They are also a valuable food source for predators such as lions, leopards, and hyenas.

Like other wildlife species in Kenya, buffalo populations have faced threats from habitat loss, hunting, and disease. In particular, buffalo have been known to transmit diseases such as foot-and-mouth disease and bovine tuberculosis to livestock, which has led to conflicts between farmers and wildlife.

Conservation efforts in Kenya are working to address these threats and protect buffalo populations. These include initiatives to improve disease management, increase community involvement in conservation, and promote sustainable tourism practices that support the protection of wildlife habitats. Additionally, research and monitoring programs are being implemented to track buffalo populations and better understand their ecological roles and conservation needs.

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